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Phonics

At Westwood we follow 'Letters and Sounds' to deliver our Phonics teaching. We have a great emphasis on early reading and sounds and this is demonstrated through our classroom provision, particularly in Reception and Year One.

 

The children begin their learning of phonics in Nursery where they develop their listening skills and have a go at blending and segmenting orally, playing games such as 'put your hands on your h-e-d' and finding pictures that have the same initial sound.

 

As the children progress with their phonics or move in to Reception they begin to learn their sounds. This takes place in a daily phonics session which is fun and interactive with children soon being able to blend and segment words. At this stage children will begin to write simple words which can be segmented. Children also read basic fast words such as 'the' which support their reading development. During the year the children develop their confidence with blending and segmenting as they learn more sounds and write more letters. Children within Reception have their handwriting linked to phonics and also their spellings. The classroom provision enables children to embed their phonic knowledge and reflects what the children have learnt.

 

In Year One a great emphasis remains on phonics and children begin their day with a range of phonic activities completed independently or within small groups. In addition to this children have daily phonic sessions where they continue to blend and segment words and build a knowledge of fast words. It is at this stage that children will learn alternative sounds such as 'ai' and 'ay' and be encouraged to choose the best set when writing. Spellings are also closely linked with Phonic understanding.

 

In Year Two pupils continue to revisit their sounds and fast words, however there is a greater emphasis on spellings. They learn spelling rules, compound words and mnemonics such as the spelling of because -Big Elephants Can Always Upset Small Elephants.

 

If you would like to support your child at home with Phonics please choose from an interactive game below or alternatively speak to your child's class teacher to gain more information.

Useful Vocabulary

 

You might hear your child use some of this vocabulary at home.  Here are some of the words that are taught within phonics (from Reception onwards) and their meaning.  Please ask your child's teacher if you have any further questions.

Phoneme

Often referred to as a sound.  The smallest unit of sound in a word, i.e. c-a-t - 3 sounds/phonemes.

 

Grapheme

A written symbol that represents a sound (phoneme).  This can be a single letter or could be a sequence of letters such as ai, sh, igh etc.  

 

Blend

Putting the phonemes together to make a word.

 

Segment

Breaking words (or parts of words) apart.

 

Digraph

Two letters making one sound - ai, ee, or.

 

Trigraph

Three letters making one sound - igh, ear.

 

Split Digraph

A digraph which is split by a consonant - i.e make, bike, code

 

Polysyllabic Word

A word containing more than one syllable.

 

 

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